The Marshall Family of Little Henham Hall, Henham

Thank you to Norman and Jane for providing the following information.


Laura Elizabeth Young nee Marshall from Little Henham Hall was my great grandmother, this is the research conducted by Norman.


William Marshall (c 1793) was one of four children of Thomas Marshall (b 1763/4) and his wife Elizabeth (nee Franklin) (b 1770/1771). They lived and farmed at Bury Lodge, Bamber's Green, Takeley, their other children were Mary Marshall (c 1788), Elizabeth Marshall (c 1791) and Thomas Marshall (c 1797).


William (1793) married Hetty Bright (1801) (the daughter of John and Jane Bright of Henham) at Henham in 1825. Laura Elizabeth (1834) was the youngest of four children of William Marshall and his wife Hetty (nee Bright) of Little Henham Hall. Her siblings were Jane (1826), Charles (1828) and Dan (1829). They were tenants of Little Henham Hall from the landowner Radcliffe Pearl TODD, as well as a further 35 acres of landowners 'Almshouse Trustees of Saffron Walden'.


Hetty Marshall (nee Bright) died in 1838 (37 years old) and is buried in Henham parish churchyard [gravestone 083]. This left the four children aged between 12 and 7 motherless. By 1841 Laura attended school in Bishops Stortford and was living away. Their father William died in 1846 aged 53 and was buried with his wife.


According to William Marshall's will , Little Henham Hall was held by him on lease (from the Manor of Henham Hall) and this leasehold was to pass in due course (via his Executor) to his eldest son Charles Marshall when he became 21. The rest of his estate was to be sold and shared between his children.


By 1851:

Only Laura was still at Little Henham Hall with her brother Charles and their housekeeper Fanny Phillips.



Jane Marshall Dan Marshall Laura Elizabeth Marshall Charles Marshall
Jane Marshall
Dan Marshall
Laura Marshall
Charles marshall

Marshall (22) marries Thomas Chamberlain (23) butcher of Bocking, Braintree in 1848. They were soon running their own butcher's shop at Great Saling, where their son Marshall Thomas Chamberlain (born Bocking 1852). They moved back to Bocking and had two more children - Helena Augusta (Ellen) Chamberlain (1856) and Hetty Mary Jane Chamberlain (1858). By 1868 Jane and Thomas had moved to Croydon and set up as a butcher where Edith Laura E. Chamberlain was born in 1868.


Dan Marshall (24) married Elizabeth Chamberlain (23) in 1855, from the same butcher's family as his sister Jane. By 1856 Dan and Elizabeth were living at Stebbing and Dan was now a butcher. Their children Alice Mary Marshall (1856), William Charles Marshall (1858) and Woodleigh Emma Marshall (1860) were all born in Stebbing.

Dan sold his Stebbing butcher's business and in 1860 he took over the remaining six years of tenancy at Dunmow Farm, Dunmow (and possibly also of White House Farm, Stebbing), following the death of current tenant William Wright.

At Dunmow Farm, Dan and Elizabeth had four more children - Florence Maria Marshall (1862), Laura Elizabeth (aka Nora) Marshall (1864), Herbert Ernest Marshall (1867) and Kate Jane Marshall (1869).

When Dan suddenly died in 1883, Elizabeth continued to run the farm with her second don Herbert (16) as his brother William had already emigrated to Australia.


Laura Elizabeth Marshall (28) married Thomas Young veterinary surgeon (25) (parents Soloman and Hephzibah Young) (Great Waltham) of Ford Farm, Braintree Road, Dunmow in 1859. At this time Laura was living at Windsor Street, Chertsey, Surrey. Laura and Thomas had a daughter Anna (1861) and a son Harry Ashley Young (1862), before Laura died in 1864. Thomas's sister Hephzibah Young who became housekeeper until 1872 when she left to marry. Her replacement was Priscilla Moore, the youngest of eleven children of farmer Simon and Nancy Moore of Swan's Hall, Hawkedon, Suffolk. Thomas married Priscilla in 1883.


Charles Marshall (35) married Mary Ann Bush (25) in 1863, Mary was the daughter of James and Mary Bush of Bacon's Farm, Henham. Mary moved to Little Henham Hall. In 1870 the farmhouse and some of the out-buildings were rebuilt by the current landlord Joseph Baxendale. Charles and Mary Ann had four boys who all died young. They were William Bush Marshall (1864), Charles Chamberlain Marshall (1866), George Jackson Marshall (1869), Ernest Willis Marshall (1871), their three daughters Beatrice Mary Louisa Marshall (1868), Blanche Eliza Annie Marshall (1872) and Mabel May Marshall (1875). After Mary's death in 1879, the children were cared for by their housekeeper Maria Holmes (born Saffron Walden).

By 1881 the eldest two girls were living at the Girl's school in Saffron Walden.

As a member of the Shire Horse Society many of Charles's horses were recorded in the Stud Book, each one perpetuating the village name, probably the best known one being 'Henham Lord'. (see Newspaper article 21st Sept 1900).

In 1896 the entire freehold manorial estate of Henham Hall and its attendant farms (including Little Henham Hall) were purchased by William Fuller Maitland of Stansted Hall who then become the new landlord of the manor.

By 1901 all three children girls had left home and living on their own means after receiving their inheritance from their father's estate. But it was not long before developments took all three sisters had moved from Henham.

Bacon FarmThe nationwide survey of land for the 1910 Finance Act shows that only Bacon's Farm with 33 acres of land was owned by the Marshall family in Henham. The three sisters owned equally, which they had inherited through their mother's family BUSH. In 1918 with only two sisters remaining, Blanche and Mabel purchased their copyhold part of Bacon's Farm (from the Manor of Henham Hall) and became freehold owners of that part. They finally sold off Bacon's Farm to Luther William Norman of Stansted.


Marriage of Charles's daughters

In 1902 Blanche Eliza Annie Marshall (c 30 years old) married her first cousin Herbert Ernest Marshall (c 34 years old). He was the son of Dan Marshall, brother of Blanche's father Charles Marshall. They lived at Dunmow Farm, Dunmow, where Herbert had been farming with his motheras tenant, his mother moved and Herbert became the sole tenant.

Herbert and Blanche eventually retired to Stebbing until Herbert died. Blanche moved to live her recently widowed sister Mabel eventually in Banbury, Oxon.

In 1905 Mabel May (30 years old) married builder Albert Thomas Kimberley in London and she moved to Banbury. They had three sons James Marshall Kimberley, Hubert Wray (Dick) Kimberley and Henry John Kimberley.


Deaths of William and Hetty's children and spouses

Thomas Chamberlain died (c.74 years old) Croydon in 1900 and Jane died in Brighton, Sussex (c. 87 years old) in 1914.

Dan Marshall suddenly died of a heart attack (c. 55 years old) in 1883. He was buried in Dunmow parish churchyard. In 1915 Elizabeth died at 43 The Causeway, Dunmow. She was buried with her husband Dan.

Laura Young nee Marshall died of Rheumatic fever and diphtheria (34) in 1864 and was buried at Dunmow parish churchyard, (no gravestone has been found). Thomas Young died (69 year old) in 1902 and Priscilla Young nee Moore died (92 years old) in 1927. They were both buried in the graveyard of the former Congregational Chapel in New Street, Dunmow.

Mary Ann Marshall nee Bush died 1879 aged 41, she was buried in Henham churchyard.

Charles Marshall died (71 years old) in 1889. His will directed his farming business to be wound down and everything else to be sold as appopriate and to invest and divide the residue equally between his three daughters Beatrice, Blanche and Mabel.


Next Generation

Beatrice Mary Louisa Marshall (daughter of Charles) died in London in 1911, aged 43 in London, on the evening of the 1911 census she was with her sister Blanche. Her sister Mabel May died aged 82 years old in 1957 in Banbury and Blanche Eliza died in Banbury a year later aged 85. Mabel's husband Thomas Kimberley died in 1941.

Herbert Ernest Marshall (son of Dan and Elizabeth) died in 1941 aged 74 years old.

Dan and Elizabeth's children
and Charles and Mary Ann's children

In 1902 Herbert Ernest Marshall (35) married his first cousin Blanche Eliza Annie Marshall (30). She was the middle daughter of Dan's brother Charles. They continued to live at Dunmow Farm and the tenancy was passed to Dan.

At the census of 1911 Beatrice Mary Louise Marshall (43) (Blanche's older unmarried sister) was staying with them. She died later that year in London.

Laura and Thomas's children

Harry Ashley Marshall followed his father and qualified as a veterinary surgeon in 1883. In 1888 he married Belle Jessie (Bella) Farley who was born in Totnes, Devon. He built a substantial house on the Causeway in Dunmow. They had four children Gladys Laura Young (1889), Thomas Ashley Young (1893), Leonard Robert Young (1898), Charles Young (1899).




© Henham History